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The Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery of the Department of Surgery offers an accredited colon and rectal surgery residency. This residency is designed to prepare the surgeon for the pursuit of an academic career in colon and rectal surgery equally as well as for private practice in colon and rectal surgery. The colon and rectal surgery residency program is a one-year fully accredited clinical residency.

Our colon and rectal surgeons
Stony Brook's colon and rectal surgeons (left to right): Drs. William B. Smithy, Arnold R. Leiboff, Roberto Bergamaschi, Paula I. Denoya, and Marvin L. Corman.

Our faculty includes four full-time members who are established colon and rectal surgeons based at Stony Brook University Hospital: Roberto Bergamaschi, MD, PhD, professor of surgery and chief of colon and rectal surgery; Marvin L. Corman, MD, professor of surgery; Paula I. Denoya, MD, assistant professor of surgery and residency program director; and William B. Smithy, MD, assistant professor of surgery.

In addition, we have part-time faculty member, Arnold R. Leiboff, MD, assistant professor of surgery, who is a doubly-boarded colorectal surgeon, and we also have voluntary faculty who are doubly-boarded surgeons who are committed to supporting the program, including Brett Ruffo, MD, clinical assistant professor of surgery.

Our colorectal faculty has broad expertise in the entire spectrum of colon and rectal surgical procedures, as well as advanced diagnostic capabilities through our Anorectal Physiology Laboratory.

Our faculty includes national and international leaders in the field of colon and rectal surgery, as shown by their distinguished contributions to the surgical literature: Selected Faculty Publications 2000–2014.

The residency program consists of one resident in colon and rectal surgery rotating between Stony Brook University Hospital and Winthrop-University Hospital (which is 36 miles from Stony Brook). The rotations begin at Stony Brook. At Winthrop the dedicated faculty of our training program are: Dean P. Pappas, MD, clinical instructor of surgery and on-site training director; Jules E. Garbus, MD; Paul A. Hartendorp, MD; Steven Pelaez, MD; Mala Balakumar, MD; Sanjay Jobanputra, MD; and David E.K. Hong, DO.

The continuity of the educational experience at both institutions is ensured through the collaborative efforts of the director of the training program at Winthrop and the program director at Stony Brook.

The content of the educational experience is directed toward fulfilling the requirements of the American Board of Colon and Rectal Surgery. Residents gain operative experience through a large volume of diverse surgical procedures, including reconstructive anorectal surgery, surgery for inflammatory bowel disease, emergency colon resections, ambulatory anorectal surgery, and all aspects of office and endoscopic procedures. Our state-of-the-art Surgical Skills Center at Stony Brook offers residents essential training experience by means of surgical simulation of laparoscopic colorectal surgery. This is lab also provides an opportunity for research in surgical simulation and new techniques. (See Stony Brook study abstract that was presented at the 2009 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons: "Simulated Laparoscopic Sigmoidectomy Training: Responsiveness of Surgery Residents" and our study, "Simulated Transanal NOTES Sigmoidectomy Training Improves the Responsiveness of Surgical Endoscopists.")

Upon completion of the training program, the resident should feel comfortable in dealing with all aspects of clinical colon and rectal surgery, and is eligible for board certification in colon and rectal surgery by the American Board of Colon and Rectal Surgery.

Both Stony Brook University Hospital and Winthrop-University Hospital have been recognized for many years as centers for academic pursuits, and have established educational programs. There is a comprehensive formal teaching/lecture program, which currently includes the following weekly conferences: morbidity and mortality, grand rounds, tumor board, GI conference, treatment planning, core curriculum, colon and rectal rounds, and case presentations.

In addition, we have a series of colon and rectal surgery Visiting Professor dinner meetings at which a formal talk is given; notable speakers have included Dr. Anthony Senagore ("Laparoscopic Colectomy: Is It Ready For Prime Time?"), Dr. David J. Schoetz, Jr. ("Local Treatment of Rectal Cancer"), and Dr. Robert W. Beart, Jr. ("Evolution of Continence Preservation in IBD-Problem Management"), among others. Additionally, a monthly Journal Club meeting is held, with attendance from both training sites and the surrounding community hospitals.

The entire faculty is committed to teaching at all levels — lectures and conferences, walk rounds, operative and procedural instruction, office management of patients, as well as administrative and financial advice concerning running a practice in colon and rectal surgery. A weekly meeting is conducted at which time the “Core Subjects,” in accordance with the manual prepared by the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, and the Association of Program Directors in Colorectal Surgery, is covered.

During each rotation, the resident is assigned to the faculty who admit patients to that hospital. The nature of each individual's practice and that of each group is such that it is unusual for there to be crossover — that is, each surgeon tends to operate at only one institution. The resident is responsible for participating in office, ambulatory surgery, and endoscopy sessions with each attending surgeon at the institution to which he or she is assigned.

The resident must attend office sessions as scheduled with each of the full-time and voluntary faculty, becoming knowledgeable about office assessment, ambulatory anorectal surgery, preoperative care, and follow-up evaluation.

The resident is responsible for the preoperative evaluation, the intraoperative decision-making, the operative procedure, and the postoperative care. The colorectal surgery faculty are present in the operating room for all hospital operations. The resident does not operate independently.

At Stony Brook and at Winthrop, the resident participates in and becomes proficient in running the Anorectal Physiology Laboratory. Anorectal ultrasound, anorectal manometry, and pudendal nerve latency studies are performed.

Concerning research opportunities, resident are encouraged to be involved in clinical research as well as required to write a paper for submission to the annual meeting of the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons or other regional or nation meeting. Several studies, which have been approved by Stony Brook's Institutional Review Board, are in progress. The resident is expected to participate in all aspects of these trials.

Ample time is allotted for reading and for library research. A large medical library is present on both campuses (see Stony Brook's library; see Winthrop's library), along with extensive electronic access. Furthermore, Dr. Corman's personal library, comprising both contemporary and historical texts, is conveniently available for further literature pursuits.

The resident is expected to be available for call, but not in-house. There is always a senior level general surgery resident in the hospital.

The resident receives one-month vacation per year, in accordance with the GME requirements of both institutions, and are entitled to salary and benefits at the PGY-6 level ($77,490, effective July 1, 2014; $78,929, effective July 1, 2015). No housing is provided. The resident will be sent to the national meeting of the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons as a guest of the Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery. In addition, the residents are allowed one week for an approved educational experience involving either attendance at another meeting or to visit other centers of colon and rectal surgery.

If you have any questions regarding our training program, please do not hesitate to contact Dr. Denoya at 631-444-3431.